During the late 18th century and throughout most of the 19th, Albany was a center of trade and transportation.
Clockwise from top: Albany skyline from Rensselaer; middle-class housing in the Helderberg neighborhood; Palace Theatre; Empire State Plaza from the Cultural Education Center; North Pearl Street at Columbia Street; and the State Quad at SUNY Albany.) is the capital of the U. The population of the City of Albany was 97,856 according to the 2010 census.
Roughly 150 miles (240 km) north of New York City, Albany developed on the west bank of the Hudson River, about 10 miles (16 km) south of its confluence with the Mohawk River.
The Dongan Charter was virtually identical in content to the charter awarded to the city of New York three months earlier.
In 1754, representatives of seven British North American colonies met in the Stadt Huys, Albany's city hall, for the Albany Congress; Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania presented the Albany Plan of Union there, which was the first formal proposal to unite the colonies.
The city has rebounded from the urban decline of the 1970s and 1980s, with noticeable development taking place in the city's downtown and midtown neighborhoods.
Albany is known for its rich history, commerce, culture, architecture, and institutions of higher education. The Mohawk were one of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, or Haudenosaunee, and became strong trading partners with the Dutch and English.Albany is one of the first cities in the world to have installed public water mains, sewer lines, natural gas lines and electricity, infrastructure and utilities that attracted and supported substantial new industry to the city and surrounding area during the 19th century.In the 20th century, the city opened one of the first commercial airports in the world, the precursor of today's Albany International Airport.Tories and prisoners of war were often jailed in the Stadt Huys alongside common criminals.During and after the Revolutionary War, Albany County saw a great increase in real estate transactions.During the 1920s a powerful political machine controlled by the Democratic Party arose in the state capital, connected to politics in New York City as well.