Cotton factories and textile mills became large employers in Glasgow and the local region.
Trading allowed Glasgow to become one of the richest cities in the world, and the merchants constructed spectacular buildings and monuments and reinvested their money in industrial development, a municipal public transport system, parks, museums and libraries.
Glasgow now boasts the largest contemporary arts scene in the UK outside of London, which is centered around the annual 'Glasgow International' arts festival.Glasgow has also been selected as host city for the 2014 Commonwealth Games.The de-silting of the Clyde in the 1770s allowed bigger ships to move further up the river, thus laying the foundations for industry and shipbuilding in Glasgow during the 19th century.The abundance of coal and iron in Lanarkshire led to Glasgow becoming an industrial city, and it eventually came to be known as "the Second City of the Empire".In preparing its bid, Glasgow counted an average of 130 music events a week ranging from pop and rock to Celtic music and opera.
The city has transformed itself from being the once mighty powerhouse of industrial Britain to a centre for commerce, tourism, and culture.
Although ships and trains were still being built on Clydeside (as of today, only three major shipyards remain on the River Clyde, two of which are owned by BAE Systems Naval Ships), cheap labour abroad reduced the competitiveness of Glasgow's industries.
By the 1960s, Glasgow had gone into economic decline and Glasgow's function as a port diminished with the introduction of containerised freight.
As with all areas of Scotland, regional dialects are present in Glasgow.
The Glaswegian dialect of Scots or "banter" as the more jovial version of it is known, has evolved over the history of the city.
However, the city's industrial dominance would eventually come to an end.