The Mayor and Borough Council conducts all of its business during monthly meetings open to the public.All Legislative powers of the Borough are exercised by the Mayor and Council.
The Harris Lane School was a one-room schoolhouse and it was the oldest school in Middlesex County, at one time, dating back to its construction in the 1790s.
The original Pierce School was known as the East Bound Brook School House and The Parker House was also used for education until it was converted into a two-family house.
The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.
The Borough form of government used by Middlesex, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie.
The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council.
The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
Out of a total of 4,984 households, 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.1% were non-families.
22.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.
The per capita income for the borough was ,607 ( /- ,321).
About 0.6% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.).
These powers can take the form of a resolution, ordinance or proclamation.