The fact that in case of divorce the bride-price would not entirely be returned to the groom or his family provided some protection to the bride.Today this tradition of bride-price is not practiced much.Considerable attention is paid to charging a woman with a happy marriage, called the “basi bütün” (meaning “whose head is complete”, in a sense, this describes her as someone who has a complete family with husband and children and whose marriage is whole, not separated by divorce) to knead and distribute the henna and apply it to the girl’s hand.
More important and longer-lived was the continued practice of "illegal" religious marriages (called imam marriages), which continued to produce "illegitimate" offspring.This has necessitated promulgation of six special laws since 1926, affecting a total of 2.9 million children rendered officially illegitimate by their parents' manner of contracting marriage.In like manner, the relations of the young couple were a family matter.In order to regulate the country with the civil rights of other modern countries, the reformers rejected the traditional marriage.The 1926 civil code made by the Parliament under the presidency of Atatürk outlawed polygamy and repudiation, which are provided for in Islamic law of some Moslem countries, albeit under strict regulations.
In their place came civil marriage and divorce, both to be registered with the civil authorities and both entailing equal rights for the man and the woman.
The civil wedding stipulated in the new family code involves no patriarchs, negotiations, or contracts.
Instead, bride and groom, as individuals, swear vows before two witnesses and a representative of the state who registers the union.
After preparing the bride, veil ornamented with red flake is placed over her head, and she is brought into the middle with hymn and folk songs about henna.
Henna that has earlier kneaded with water is brought in on a tray surrounded by candles and placed in the middle of the room.
Despite government attempts to outlaw it as a backward custom, during the late 1980s the traditional practice of paying the bride-price continued in some rural and even some urban areas.